The Directorate General of Training (DGT) in Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship is the apex organisation for development and coordination at National level for the programmes relating to vocational training including Women's Vocational Training. Industrial Training Institutes are under the administrative and financial control of State Governments or Union Territory Administrations. DGT also operates Vocational Training Schemes in some of the specialized areas through field institutes under its direct control. Development of these programmes at national level, particularly in the area concerning common policies, common standards and procedures, training of instructors and trade testing are the responsibility of the DGT. But, day-to-day administration of Industrial Training Institutes rests with the State Governments/ Union Territories Administrations.
Major functions of the DGT are:
- To frame overall policies, norms and standards for vocational training.
- To diversify, update and expand training facilities in terms of craftsmen and crafts instructor training.
- To organize and conduct specialized training and research at the specially established training Institutes.
- To implement, regulate and increase the scope of training of apprentices under the Apprentices Act, 1961.
- To organize vocational training programmes for women.
- To provide vocational guidance and employment counseling.
- Assist scheduled castes/scheduled tribes and persons with disabilities by enhancing their capabilities for wage employment and self employment.
The Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) for training of skilled craftsmen is implemented through Govt. and Pvt. Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)which are under the administrative and financial control of State Governments or Union Territory Administrations. Duration of these training courses varies from 6 Months -2 Years duration, NSQF compliant courses in 138 Trades which includes 74 Engineering trades, 59 Trades in the Non-Engineering Sector and 05 courses for Persons with Disabilities (PwD)/ Divyangjan. Currently, 23.15 Lakh persons are undergoing training in 14,491 ITIs (both Govt. & Pvt.).
A provision for supplementing the skills learnt during the ITI training is also available in the form of workplace training through the Apprenticeship Training Scheme (ATS). Also, one of the prime objectives of this scheme is optimal utilization of the infrastructural facilities available in the industry, where the apprenticeship training actually takes place, hence meeting the requirement of skilled manpower for industry.
A comprehensive training, both in skills and training methodology is imparted to those interested in becoming Instructors/ trainers in vocational training institutes, under the Craft Instructor Training Scheme (CITS). The ideais to develop their skills and competencies and make them conversant with the techniques of transferring hands-on skills to their students. This scheme is implemented through the National Skill Training Institutes (NSTIs) located in 33 locations across the country.
These also conduct short duration, specialized and tailor-made courses suiting to the specific requirements of industrial establishments are also offered for upgradingthe skills of serving industrial workers, under the Advanced Vocational Training Scheme (AVTS).
Since DGT has been striving ahead in this technological age for hand holding the youth across the country, it has ensured digital skilling and industry readiness of the 23.15 Lakh trainees in the ITI ecosystem by making ‘Employability Skills’ as a mandatory component of their curriculum.
DGT is in process of constantly upgrading and modernizing the ITIs in terms of their infrastructure, pedagogy, curriculum and technology interventions. Accordingly, new-age courses in IoT, Renewable Energy, Additive Manufacturing Technology (3-D Printing), Mechatronics, Drone Technology, etc. have been recently introduced in the ITIs.
Further, with an objective to strengthen Industry connect and impart industry relevant training, DGT has introduced the Dual System of Training (DST) model wherein the ITIs are being encouraged to join hands with multiple industry partners for providing mandatory industrial exposure to the trainees during the course of their training. Hence a part of their skill training takes place in the industry environment. The Flexi- MoU model offering customized, industry relevant training, entirely on the industry premises has also been introduced for providing flexibility to create tailored skilling programmes.